First aid is the immediately or emergency treatment given to a sick or injured person before seeking medical attention or is been taking to the hospital.


To prevent condition of victims or casualties from getting worse.
To ensure the victims suffers no further damage.
To sustain the victims life till medical treatment is administered.
To quicken the recovery of the victim.


The knowledge and benefits of first aid is important for everyone in any society. But this knowledge is lacking among many Nigerians

Despite the fact that everyone wants to live a life of certainty devoid of unfortunate incidents, life presents its own characteristics which involves the good and predictable life we want and the ones we may wished away.


Accident does not respect anyone. It can occur at home, at school, at work, in the office, in the mosque, church, on the road, anywhere, anyhow and to anyone. Whatever the case may be, FIRST AID TREATMENT CAN SAVE A VICTIM’s LIFE


SAAAM FOUNDATION’s first project aimed at providing first aid boxes that can be used for 100 people to 80,000 primary and secondary schools across Nigeria,with this project,8,000,000 Nigerian primary and secondary school students will be at the lower risk of sudden death and limiting the exposure of injured students to viral and bacterial infectious diseases.


A first aid safety box is designed for the control of injuries and the alleviation of basic symptoms of the common disease conditions in our environment. At schools,children run into alleys, sharp corners,up and down the staircase with no thought about any impending danger. They will skirt over tiled floors and sometimes, these floors are wet and falls are brought about. Occasionally, injuries or severe accidents happen.

When such injuries occur, it is imperative upon the school to be able to do some damage control before the affected pupil is whisked off to a hospital or the parents are yanked off from whatever they may have been doing in order to come over and take care of the child’s rehabilitation.


A first alder is any person professionally trained to possess theoretical knowledge concerning the treatment of cases and the ability to practicalise it.

Some authorized association such as the Red Cross Society and Ambulance Society are trained and equipped to administer the first aid practice.

An authorized certificate of first alder is usually awarded, which are subject to renewal on expiration.

A first aid box is a kit containing various items used for first treatment.

Contents Of A First Aid Box
These are the various items found in the first aid box or kit:

A card giving general first aid guidance

A book and a pen used to write down the information about the type of accident and the treatment applied.

A first-aid manual which will show the operational use of the box and its contents.

Sterile gauze pads of different sizes.

A splint or several of them to keep injured limbs in alignment until more specialised help is obtained.


Cotton wool


Triangular bandages

Sterile eye pads with attachment


Antiseptic wipes usually made of alcohol wipes.

Adhesive tapes also called plaster.

Adhesive bandages of different sizes.

Elastic bandage also known as elastoplast.


An antibiotic ointment.

Calamine lotion.

A sharp pair of scissors.

A torch for emergency lighting which is of utmost importance in our environment.

A thermometer.

An antiseptic lotion such as hydrogen peroxide or TCP or Dettol or even an Iodine based compound useful for rapidly disinfecting wounds.

Safety pins to hold dressings in place.

Emergency phone numbers of people to contact in case of an urgent need.

A mouth piece for the administration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if necessary.

Routine medications such as paracetamol or Ibuprofen or mist magnesium trisilicate for the rapid control of some of the most common conditions seen among children.


The other medication is phenergan syrup.

Single use latex gloves of various sizes for the handling of blood, urine, vomit or stool.

A tourniquet for a variety of uses: stemming blood flow in open wounds, limiting the spread of toxins in a venomous bite from a snake or scorpion or to set up an intravenous drip.